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SACRAMENTO, Calif. (AP) – A California judge on Tuesday threw out a 2016 state law allowing the terminally ill to end their lives, ruling it was unconstitutionally approved by the Legislature.

Riverside County Superior Court Judge Daniel Ottolia said lawmakers acted illegally in passing the law during a special session devoted to other topics, said lawyers for supporters and opponents. He did not address the legal issue of whether it was proper to allow people to take their own lives, and gave the state attorney general five days to appeal.

Attorney General Xavier Becerra’s office did not respond to calls and emails seeking comment.

The Life Legal Defense Foundation, American Academy of Medical Ethics and several physicians challenged the law, which allows adults to obtain a prescription for life-ending drugs if a doctor has determined they have six months or less to live. The plaintiffs say the law lacks safeguards to protect against abuse.

California health officials reported that 111 terminally ill people took drugs to end their lives in the first six months after the law went into effect June 9, 2016, and made the option legal in the nation’s most populous state. Oregon was the first to provide the option in 1997. It also is allowed in Washington, Vermont, Colorado, Hawaii and Washington D.C.

Compassion & Choices, a national organization that advocated for the law, estimated that in its first year 504 Californians requested prescriptions for medical aid in dying, but had no further update Tuesday. The next report on how many people took the drugs is due in July.

“Our supporters, they’ve frankly expressed shock at this outcome. They’re disappointed that this end of life option could be taken away,” said John Kappos, an attorney representing Compassion & Choices.

Alexandra Snyder, an attorney and executive director of Life Legal Defense Foundation, said the judge ruled that lawmakers effectively “hijacked” a special legislative session that was called to address access to medical care and used it to pass their bill.

“Access to health care has no relationship to assisted suicide,” she said, saying it set a dangerous precedent that undermines the legislative process.

Opponents have argued that hastening death is morally wrong, puts terminally ill patients at risk for coerced death by loved ones and could become a way out for people who are uninsured or fearful of high medical bills.

Democratic Sen. Bill Monning of Carmel, who carried the original legislation, said the bill was properly considered in the special session and followed “every rule of transparency and openness.” Lawmakers could try to pass it again if the law ultimately is rejected by the courts, he said.

So far, he said, there has been “not a single report of malfeasance or problems.”

Kelly Davis’ 41-year-old sister, Betsy Davis, was one of the first to use the law as she was dying of Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, commonly known as Lou Gehrig’s disease, that slowly robbed her of her ability to use her muscles including to swallow and communicate. She held a two-day party in Ojai to celebrate the end of her life with about two-dozen friends, giving away her possessions and ordering her favorite foods.

“I keep thinking of all the people who are facing a terminal illness and they’re considering the use of this law, and they’re in limbo right now and this right might be taken away from them,” Davis said. “It gave her back control of her life, it let her die on her own terms and if this had happened leading up to her death or when she thought she’d be able to use the law, she would have been devastated.”

The state’s attorney general’s office said in court papers that medical professionals have the right to refuse to prescribe and dispense the drugs. Under the law, the terminally ill person must be able to self-administer the drugs.


Associated Press writer Julie Watson contributed to this story from San Diego.

Copyright © 2018 The Washington Times, LLC.

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(Reuters) – Planned Parenthood and the American Civil Liberties Union’s Iowa branch said they sued on Tuesday to stop a state law that would impose the strictest abortion limits in the United States from taking effect.

FILE PHOTO – A sign is pictured at the entrance to a Planned Parenthood building in New York August 31, 2015. REUTERS/Lucas Jackson

Iowa’s Republican-controlled legislature voted last month to outlaw abortion after a fetal heartbeat is detected, effectively banning the procedure at about the six-week mark, which may be before a woman realizes she is pregnant.

The lawsuit was anticipated by some sponsors of the law, who hoped to trigger a challenge to Roe v. Wade, the U.S. Supreme Court’s 1973 decision that established that women have a constitutional right to an abortion.

The lawsuit in Polk County District Court in Des Moines, the state capital, seeks a hearing within two weeks to block the law from going into effect on July 1.

“Iowa will not go back in time by taking away this right,” Suzanna de Baca, the president of Planned Parenthood of the Heartland, said at a news conference. “Planned Parenthood is challenging this law because the Iowa Constitution is clear a woman has a right to access a safe and legal abortion.”

There are some exceptions to the ban, including some cases of rape and incest and serious medical emergencies, but Planned Parenthood, whose services include abortions, and ACLU say the exceptions are too narrow.

Abortion opponents hope such a lawsuit could bring the divisive abortion issue back before the U.S. Supreme Court in the belief that the 5-4 conservative majority could curtail abortion access or ban it outright.

Iowa Governor Kim Reynolds, a Republican, anticipated the legal challenge, a spokeswoman said.

“We knew there would be a legal fight, but it’s worth having to protect innocent life,” Brenna Smith said in an email.

Republican state Senator Rick Bertrand said last month the law was in part “an opportunity to take a run at Roe v. Wade.”

Planned Parenthood and the ACLU said they hope to avoid that possibility by only challenging the law under the Iowa Constitution. They say the state constitution, not the U.S. Constitution, guarantees a woman’s right to abortion.

A 2017 Iowa law that requires a minimum 72-hour waiting period before obtaining an abortion is currently blocked while the Iowa Supreme Court decides whether to strike it down.

Iowa Attorney General Tom Miller, a Democrat, said he would not defend the abortion ban because he believes it would undermine the rights of women, according to a letter from his office to Reynolds and four cabinet members.

The ban will, if the state executive council approves, be defended by the Thomas More Society, an anti-abortion legal group, the letter said.

Reporting by Jonathan Allen in New York and Bernie Woodall in Fort Lauderdale, Florida; editing by Scott Malone and Tom Brown

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To develop any muscle to its fullest growth potential, you need to move through a variety of angles and use different rep ranges – and your abs are no exception. Yes, you first must shift that spare tyre for them to show, but simply getting lean doesn’t mean you’ll have a solid and sculpted six-pack. For that you need to train your upper, lower and side abs both hard and smart, which is what this circuit session will do.

The first move of each tri-set works your upper abs, the second your lower abs, and the third your side abs (or obliques) to sculpt more defined muscles across your entire abdominal region. Focus on good form throughout and keep those abs engaged for the maximum muscle return.

How to do the workout

This session is made up of six moves, split into three tri-sets, which are mini circuits containing three different exercises. That means you’ll do moves 1A, 1B and 1C in order, sticking to the reps detailed and only resting after all the reps of the move 1C. You’ll do three circuits of the first tri-set, then move on to the second tri-set, in which you’ll repeat this pattern with moves 2A, 2B and 2C.

To help ensure you sculpt a hard six-pack faster, engage your abs before you start the first rep of each set. Starting with your target muscles activated means you’ll maintain better form during the set and so work your muscles harder.

Tri-Set 1

1A Knees-up crunch

Sets 3 Reps 12 Rest 0sec

Lie on your back with your fingers at your temples, your knees bent and your feet up. Engage your upper abs to raise your torso off the ground, then crunch up to meet your knees. Lower slowly back to the start, keeping tension on your abs throughout.

1B Reverse crunch

Sets 3 Reps 12 Rest 0sec

Lie flat on your back with your arms flat on the floor and knees bent. Use your lower abs to draw your knees in towards your chest, then raise your hips off the ground, Lower slowly back to the start, keeping your entire core engaged.

1C Diagonal mountain climber

Sets 3 Reps 12 each side Rest 2min

Start in a press-up position. Without letting your hips sag, draw one knee in and bring it across towards the opposite elbow. Return to the start, then repeat with your other leg. Keep reps fast but controlled.

Tri-Set 2

2A Gym ball dumbbell crunch reach

Sets 3 Reps 12 Rest 0sec

Lie on a gym ball holding a dumbbell in both hands with your arms straight. Engage your abs to raise your torso, then squeeze your upper abs to raise the weight higher. Pause, then lower back to the start.

2B Gym ball upper body Russian twist

Sets 3 Reps 12 each side Rest 0sec

Lie on a gym ball with your palms together and arms straight. Engage your core, then rotate your torso to one side, back to the start, then to the other. Make it harder by holding a dumbbell in both hands.

2C Gym ball decline plank with toe taps

Sets 3 Reps 12 each side Rest 2min

Start in a plank position with your feet on a gym ball. Keeping your core engaged and your hips up, lift one foot off the ball and lower it to touch the floor. Reverse the movement, then repeat with the other foot.

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Getting the right workout gear can help motivate you to be a bit more active, but moving stories can be even more inspiring. Matalan is offering both with its new sportswear line, fronted by British sporting icon and former boxing world champion Frank Bruno.

Bruno knows how tough it can be to stay physically and mentally healthy. He won the WBC heavyweight championship in 1995, but within a few years he was hospitalised with psychological problems and diagnosed with bipolar disorder. As the campaign video reveals, Bruno used movement to manage his condition. “It brings out the endorphins in you, it’s a beautiful feeling,” says Bruno, who also recommends that “there are 24 hours in a day, so give yourself at least one hour to invest in your body, mind and soul.” Amen to that.

Now a successful charity marathon runner and a high-profile spokesperson on mental health issues, Bruno has endorsed the Souluxe collection, which is designed to inspire people to stay active throughout their life. It includes panelled leggings, double-layer running vests, shorts, T-shirts and showerproof lightweight jackets. Here are a few of our faves.

Souluxe Ombre Gym T-Shirt

We know, we were sold by the blended blue and white design, too. But the material also has a touch of stretch to help you move freely and antibacterial qualities to stop you stinking the place up. £10, buy on

Souluxe Half Zip Sports Sweatshirt

That grey with an orange accent on the arms makes this top as stylish as it is affordable. We think it’s a great choice for chilly morning runs. The thumb holes will keep your hands snug enough to leave the gloves at home, while the zip will let you keep you cool as the day warms up. £14, buy on

Souluxe Baseball Hoodie

Now this is a piece that epitomises athleisure. Wear this sleek, fitted but stretchy number as a warm-up top and down the pub afterwards. £16, buy on

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How often do you experience uncomfortable gut symptoms such as bloating, cramping, constipation, diarrhoea, gas or unexplained tiredness and just put it to the side? Do you simply ignore it or blame it on stress or something you have eaten?

The human body is speaking to you all the time but how much are you mindfully listening?

Any pain in the gut or anywhere in the body in Ayurveda is known as “Ama” which is a Sanskrit word for “undigested food material”, which ultimately causes toxicity. The more Ama a body accumulates over a lifespan, the more likely you are setting yourself up for disease.

The ancient health science of Ayurveda is one of the few health and healing modalities that focuses on both prevention and treatment.

So how can you prevent disease according to Ayurveda? Diet and lifestyle is key.

#1 Eat foods from nature that are freshly cooked

Foods that are naturally warm and oily such as soups, roasted vegetables and dahls are more easily digested than raw, cold foods as your body does not have to strain and work as hard to cook it. Always favour fresh wholefoods, good quality fish and meats, grains, fruits, vegetable, nuts and seeds and avoid anything processed or with preservatives.

#2 Sip hot water

If there’s one thing you can do to aid digestion and naturally flush toxins out of the body that is to sip plain hot water throughout the day. It’s not about quantity, but more about frequency and ideally every 15 minutes you should take a sip. The hotter the better according to Ayurveda. On the contrary, ice cold drinks (and foods) will put out the digestive fire and constrict the body’s channels.

#3 Turn your food into tasty medicine by adding herbs and spices to enhance digestion

Spices such as ginger, turmeric and pepper have many benefits which include helping your body breakdown the food and effectively distribute nutrients to the body. They can be added to hot water to make a tea, to a cup of hot milk or by cooking them with your food.

#4 Incorporate stress management techniques such as deep breathing, yoga and meditation daily into your life

Certain techniques such as Vedic Meditation naturally and effortlessly remove accumulated stress, lowers blood pressure, reduces anxiety and fatigue, improves digestion function, improves sleep patterns, increases immunity and ability to control cravings.

#5 Reduce EMF

Electromagnetic fields are generated in closeness of wireless devices such as mobile phones, computers, Wi-Fi routers and smart TVs. Switch everything off when not in use, remove all wireless devices from your bedroom if possible and start using the aeroplane button on your phone more often!

#6 Boost immunity by living in harmony with nature

Understand how different times of the day and seasons are also aligned with our body-types. For example, when the weather is cold and dry during autumn and early winter we want to do the opposite to bring balance such as eating foods with warmth, oiliation and heaviness. In summer when it’s hot, it’s important to favour cooler and lighter foods. When the weather is dense and wet in later winter and spring, we want to create warmth and stimulation to counteract the winter sluggishness. Nature beautifully provides us with food that is balancing for the season so the more we favour this the more we will naturally find balance. Same principle is with the lifestyle activities you perform.

#7 Fasting

Fasting is often used in Ayurveda and is what the 2016 Nobel prize won for being one of the most powerful metabolic interventions.

There are many different types of fasting such as intermittent fasting. First step is to avoiding snacking in between meals. However, please consult a qualified Ayurvedic practitioner to guide you on this one.

While we’re on the topic, this is how to eat ayurvedically, according to an expert. Plus, 3 surprising things that improve your gut.

Narissa Moeller is an Ayurvedic Lifestyle Consultant. Follow her @nmayurveda.

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If you are concerned about your health or diet, book an appointment with your GP who will be able to advise a correct treatment plan.

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President Donald Trump said Tuesday that his wife, Melania, is “doing really well” although she remains hospitalized following a medical procedure to treat a kidney condition the White House described as benign. He said he expected the first lady back home at the White House before the end of the week.

The president also praised her doctors for doing a “fantastic job.”

“Melania is doing really well. She’s watching us right now,” Trump said as he addressed an annual tribute to law enforcement officers killed in the line of duty. The ceremony at a police memorial near the Capitol was broadcast live on cable TV.

“And I want to thank the incredible doctors …They did a fantastic job,” he said.

During a later appearance at the Capitol to join Republican senators for their weekly lunch, Trump reiterated that his wife is “really doing well.”

“Really successful,” he said. “The doctors were incredible. So, Walter Reed … was really fantastic.”

Trump had tweeted earlier Tuesday that the first lady “will be leaving hospital in 2 or 3 days.” Her spokeswoman had said in a statement Monday announcing the “embolization” procedure that the first lady was likely to remain hospitalized for “the duration of the week.”

The president and first lady spoke by telephone on Monday, before the procedure at Walter Reed National Military Medical Center near Washington, and on Tuesday, the White House said. He also spent time with her at the hospital on Monday evening after she had been treated.

The White House declared the procedure “successful” but has withheld additional information about her condition, citing the first lady’s right to privacy. Vice President Mike Pence, however, said in a speech Monday night that the procedure was “long-planned.”

Two urologists who have no personal knowledge of Mrs. Trump’s condition said the most likely explanation for the embolization procedure is a kind of noncancerous kidney tumor called an angiomyolipoma.

They’re not common but tend to occur in middle-aged women and can cause problematic bleeding if they become large enough, said Dr. Keith Kowalczyk of MedStar Georgetown University Hospital. Mrs. Trump is 48.

“The treatment of choice” is to cut off the blood supply so the growth shrinks, added Dr. Lambros Stamatakis of MedStar Washington Hospital Center. Doctors do that with an embolization, meaning a catheter is snaked into the blood vessels of the kidney to find the right one and block it.

Most of the time, these benign tumors are found when people undergo medical scans for another reason, but sometimes people have pain or other symptoms, Kowalczyk said. Many times, embolization patients go home the same day or the next.

The first lady was last seen in public at a White House event Wednesday where she and the president honored military mothers and spouses for Mother’s Day. She later accompanied Trump to Joint Base Andrews in Maryland to welcome home three Americans who had been released from detention in North Korea.

The Slovenia-born former model married Trump in 2005. They have a 12-year-old son, Barron.

Mrs. Trump, who has been raising her profile as first lady, recently hosted a state dinner — her first — for the president of France. She also launched a public awareness campaign called “Be Best” to help teach kindness to children as the president sat in the audience in the Rose Garden.

The first lady joined her husband last month to host Japan’s prime minister for a two-day summit at the Trumps’ Florida estate, and the Trumps hosted France’s president at the White House on a three-day state visit, including the lavish state dinner. Mrs. Trump also represented the administration at the April funeral of former first lady Barbara Bush.

The Trumps’ marriage has come under scrutiny in recent months after revelations that a porn actress was paid $130,000 to keep quiet about claims she had sex with Trump in 2006. Trump has acknowledged reimbursing his lawyer for the payment to Stormy Daniels but denies her allegations. Separately, a former Playboy model has revived her allegations of a 10-month affair with Trump, also in 2006. Trump also denies the allegations from Karen McDougal.

Mrs. Trump has, at times, been noticeably absent from her husband’s side though both made a point of displaying affection in the Rose Garden last week.

The first lady lived full time in New York during the administration’s opening months so Barron would not have to change schools midyear. She and Barron moved to the White House last June.


AP Medical Writer Lauran Neergaard and Associated Press writer Jill Colvin contributed to this report.


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NEW YORK — The World Health Organization has released a plan to help countries wipe out artery-clogging trans fats from the global food supply in the next five years.

The United Nations agency has in the past pushed to exterminate infectious diseases, but now it’s aiming to erase a hazard linked to chronic illness.

In a statement Monday, the U.N. health agency said eliminating trans fats is critical to preventing deaths worldwide. WHO estimates that eating trans fats — commonly found in baked and processed foods — leads to the deaths of more than 500,000 people from heart disease every year.

“It’s a crisis level, and it’s major front in our fight now,” WHO Director-General Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus said at a news conference in Geneva on Monday.

Officials think it can be done in five years because the work is well underway in many countries. Denmark did it 15 years ago, and since then the United States and more than 40 other higher-income countries have been working on getting the additives out of their food supplies.

The WHO is now pushing middle- and lower-income countries to pick up the fight, said Dr. Francesco Branca, director of the WHO’s Department of Nutrition for Health and Development.

Artificial trans fats are unhealthy substances that are created when hydrogen is added to vegetable oil to make it solid, like in the creation of margarine or shortening. Health experts say they can be replaced with canola oil or other products. There are also naturally occurring trans fats in some meats and dairy products.

The WHO recommends that no more than 1 percent of a person’s calories come from trans fats.

“Trans fats are a harmful compound that can be removed easily without major cost and without any impact on the quality of the foods,” Branca said.

Countries will likely have to use regulation or legislation to get food makers to make the switch, experts said.

At the WHO news conference Monday, a representative from a leading food industry trade group said companies are working to reduce trans fats in their products.

“We call on food producers in our sector to take prompt action and we stand ready to support effective measures to work toward the elimination of industrially produced trans fats and ensure a level playing field in this area,” said Rocco Rinaldi, secretary-general of the International Food and Beverage Alliance.

Dr. Tom Frieden, a former director of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention who worked with WHO officials on the call to action, called its move unprecedented.

“The world is now setting its sights on today’s leading killers — particularly heart disease, which kills more people than any other cause in almost every country,” said Frieden, president of Resolve to Save Lives, a New-York-based project of an organization called Vital Strategies.

In the U.S., the first trans fatty food to hit the market was Crisco shortening, which went on sale in 1911. Trans fatty foods became increasingly popular beginning in the 1950s, partly because experts at the time thought they were healthier than cooking with butter or lard.

Food makers liked artificial trans fats because they prolonged product shelf life. They used them in doughnuts, cookies and deep-fried foods.

But studies gradually revealed that trans fats wreck cholesterol levels in the blood and drive up the risk of heart disease. Health advocates say trans fats are the most harmful fat in the food supply.

In the U.S., New York City in 2006 banned restaurants from serving food with trans fats. The same year the FDA required manufacturers to list trans fat content information on food labels.

Many manufacturers cut back, and studies showed trans fat levels in the blood of middle-aged U.S. adults fell by nearly 60 percent by the end of the decade.

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Frank Shorter, then of Ranchos De Taca, New Mexico, grabs a bottle from a table while running through Munich downtown at the 25 km mark of the marathon rung on Sept. 10, 1972. Shorter won this classic Olympic event. (Associated Press file)

BOULDER — A man answered the door to his home in Boulder’s north end, favoring one leg as he led a visitor into his living room.

The 70-year-old’s limp was tied to a recent surgery on a knee that was now bone-on-bone. That will happen after more than a half century of running and a successful stint in the Olympics.

Frank Shorter helped turn Boulder into the mecca for elite distance runners and hotbed for recreational athletes that it is today.

The two-time medalist — gold in 1972, silver in 1976 — took a seat and turned his thoughts to the spring of 1970, when he came to Boulder for the first time after graduating from Yale. Raised in New York, Shorter became an early believer in the benefits of altitude training. In setting his course for Olympic glory, he chose Boulder because the University of Colorado had the only indoor track above 5,000 feet in the United States.

He remembers only a couple of other post-collegiate runners in town at the time, including a hotel dishwasher who ran a crash pad for hippies.

Two years after his first training stint in Boulder, Shorter became the first American in 64 years to win an Olympic marathon.

Winners of the men’s marathon stand together at the podium during the medal ceremony at the Olympics in Munich Sept. 10, 1972. From left to right: second placer Karel Lismont of Belgium, winner Frank Shorter of the U.S.A. and third placer Mamo Wolde of Ethiopia. (Associated Press file)

Shorter’s historic breakthrough at the Munich Olympics, coupled with his silver medal four years later in Montreal, helped ignite the recreational running boom of the late 1970s, and inspired subsequent Olympic hopefuls to move to Boulder for the same reasons he did. Then-exceptional international runners, including three world-record holders, arrived in the ’80s. After that came the world-class cyclists and triathletes.

Meanwhile, CU emerged as a power in cross country running, producing six individual national champions and seven team titles.

Today, Boulder teems with world-class endurance athletes and some of the country’s fastest recreational runners, and it all traces back to Shorter’s hunch about altitude training. Runners of that era didn’t know why it worked — scientific explanations would come later — they just knew if they trained at altitude, they ran faster when they raced at sea level.

“I sensed it,” Shorter said. “There was no real science you could look at. I didn’t know your blood volume increased. All I knew was that I was getting better, more on an exponential curve than even a straight line. I knew that there was something about doing it that didn’t just have to do with my increased training intensity.”

Kaitlyn Benner #114 and Dani Jones #118 of the University of Colorado race during the NCAA cross country championships at the LaVern Gibson Championship Cross Country Course on November 19, 2016, in Terre Haute, Indiana. (Daniel Petty, Denver post file)

The story really begins in 1968, when the Olympics were held in Mexico City at an elevation of 7,350 feet. Altitude-trained Kenyans shocked the world, winning eight medals on the track.

The U.S. Olympic trials for the marathon that year were held in Alamosa because of its similar altitude (7,500 feet), and Shorter ran in those trials. He didn’t make that Olympic team — he was still a student at Yale — and after the trials, he trained for awhile at altitude in Taos, N.M., before going back to Yale for his senior year. There he saw a big improvement in performance.

We know now that training at altitude increases the percentage of red cells in the blood which carry oxygen, improving their performance.

In the weeks leading up to the 1972 Olympics, Shorter wanted to train even higher, so he went to Vail, running on a golf course at 8,000 feet with training partners Jeff Galloway and Jack Bacheler. Shorter would win the Olympic marathon by more than two minutes, while Galloway finished fourth and Bacheler was ninth.

It was clear that altitude training worked, and Boulder came to be seen as a welcoming place to practice it. Some of America’s best road runners moved there, working at Shorter’s running store on Pearl Street and training with him. They would do their Sunday “long runs” together, starting at Shorter’s house.

Olympic gold medalist Frank Shorter posed with Cliff Bosley, left, and his younger brothers, Steve, center, and Ted, after the 1980 Bolder Boulder 10K. (Courtesy Bolder Boulder)

Rich Castro coached track at CU in those days and recruited Mary Decker, a Californian who became CU’s first national champion in cross country in 1978. Castro also worked for the Frank Shorter Racing Team and Nike in athlete-support roles.

“Having a university community that was young and vibrant made it very appealing,” Castro said. “Frank being willing to give people jobs in his store was instrumental. It was sort of, ‘Once you get to where you’re going, turn around and help the next one in line.’ ”

In 1978, Castro founded the Boulder Road Runners. A year later, Shorter helped Steve Bosley found the Bolder Boulder 10K. In the early years of the race, top American road runners competed in it, and soon the race began to attract elite runners from other countries through Castro’s contacts.

Some of them decided to make Boulder their home, because in addition to altitude, they found a climate conducive for running and a community that welcomed runners.

One was a young Mexican named Arturo Barrios. An unheralded Texas A&M grad, Barrios showed up for a 10K road race in Phoenix in March 1986 with $25 in his pocket and crashed in a fellow runner’s hotel room. The next day, he broke the world record for a 10-kilometer road race, running 27:41 and becoming a star in the sport. Two months later, he won the Bolder Boulder, fell in love with the area and decided to stay. He won the Bolder Boulder three more times, broke the world record for 10,000 meters on the track (27:08.23) in 1989, and continues to live in Longmont.

“The people understand running,” Barrios said this week. “It’s hard to find that someplace else. If you go someplace else and you start talking about running, people treat you like you’re speaking Chinese. Here it’s completely different.”

BOULDER, CO – MAY 29: Lydia Johnny, left and her friend Johnny Villegas, right, dressed up as matadors and ran with bull balloons during the 39th annual Bolder Boulder road race on May 29, 2017 in Boulder, Colorado. The popular race takes place on Memorial day every year with over 50,000 runners taking part in the event. (Photo by Helen H. Richardson/The Denver Post)

Other great international runners came in the ’80s. Rob de Castella of Australia set the world record in the marathon in 1981 and moved to Boulder the following summer. Steve Jones of Wales broke de Castella’s world record in 1984 and moved to Boulder in 1988. South Africa’s Mark Plaatjes came in 1990, became an American citizen, won a gold medal in the marathon at the 1993 world championships and co-founded the Boulder Running Company in 1995. Uta Pippig of Germany came in 1992, winning the Boston Marathon three times (1994-96) and the New York City Marathon in 1993.

Boulder continues to be a leader in American running at the elite and recreational levels. Two former CU runners won medals at the 2016 Rio Olympics — Jenny Simpson in the 1,500 meters and Emma Coburn in the steeplechase — and the Bolder Boulder long ago became one of the world’s biggest road races. It surpassed 40,000 entrants for the first time in 1998, hit 54,554 in 2011 and has hovered between 48,000 and 52,000 since that peak.

The Bolder Boulder will celebrate its 40th running this month on Memorial Day. Another huge throng is expected.

“We weren’t trying to create anything, and that’s always been the satisfaction, that it wasn’t a marketing platform or ploy,” Shorter said. “It was a shared idea. Yeah, maybe I was one of the first to be in Boulder and sort of recognize this and do it, but it was great to find out that people had the same kind of interest, sharing the interest.”

On May 19, Frank Shorter and Steve Bosley will be at the Boulder Book Store, 1107 Pearl St., to speak about and sign “40 Years Bold” at 7:30 p.m. Cost is $20. Information at

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The best cookbooks are like the best of friends: you might not see them for weeks, months, years even, but, when you do get together, it is a combination of familiarity and joy as you pick up just where you left off.

It had been only a few months, but I had one such reunion with Alastair Little’s Keep It Simple recently, a book so good that I want to ingest it in much the same way as all the recipes inside. Not that it was always this way. When first given a used first edition with a makeshift Chinese print wrapping paper cover, I was obviously pleased and excited about cooking what were certain to be good recipes. But it didn’t seem a book to be read and relished, more the practical sort that would become a useful acquaintance. Then I did read, standing at the counter but soon finding a chair and a pencil, underlining bits so as to remember them better, my pencil doing a sort of yes, yes, YES. It is a practical book – good ones generally are – and also full of wit and wisdom from a chef who is self-taught and so possesses the spirit and mind of a home cook: a real kitchen companion.

Like all the best cookbooks, it is not just the recipes that become regulars – Orvieto chicken, risotto with asparagus, cod with tzatziki – it is the methods and bits of advice that etch themselves on to cooking consciousness: that mayonnaise is best made with a whisk; that onion to have with liver should be a compote, not caramelised; that mise en place is key (I am working on this). There are also the ways of seeing, that oxtail is a food of reassurance and reaffirmation, that aioli is a moveable feast, the vital trivia that precedes Little’s recipe for rabbit with home-dried tomatoes: that it was a rabbit head exiting though John Hurt’s stomach in Alien.

It is the advice from Keep It Simple that plays like an advert jingle when I pan-fry chicken: get it out of the fridge well in advance, season with abundant salt and pepper, rubbing well into the skin, arrange the pieces skin down in a large saute pan with a little olive oil, then fry without touching for 25 minutes until the skin is crisp and golden, before turning and cooking for another 10 minutes.

Best books are also like best friends in that they know they won’t be usurped. Alastair’s chicken tips meeting a Jessica Seaton recipe was an essential collaboration; Jessica’s recipe needs an oven and we don’t have one at the moment (or, rather, not one that doesn’t involve running down a flight of stairs, and across a communal garden, and back up two more flights). Having pan-fried the chicken pieces – a small (1.6kg) joined chicken or four thighs/legs – you remove them from the pan, pour away most of the chicken fat, replace it with a big knob of butter and chopped shallot, and let that bubble and foam before adding half a litre or so of light chicken stock. Once the stock is simmering, you use it to poach spring/summer vegetables chopped into manageable pieces and added in a (roughly) estimated order of cooking time – a big handful of sprouting broccoli first, then green beans, broad beans, then lastly peas and leaves that only need moments. Once the vegetables are cooked – tender but still vibrant (it is nice to have the vivid green) – return the chicken pieces to the pan and simmer a few minutes more.

The chicken should be tender and with deep-golden skin, which contrasts with the brothy spring vegetables and beautifully flavoured broth itself. Serve with boiled potatoes, or simply with bread – con pane, the root of the word “companionship”.

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New mothers should receive a mental health checkup six weeks after giving birth to help tackle possible postnatal depression and other problems related to having a baby, ministers have been told.

A cross-party group of 60 MPs and peers have written to Steve Brine, the minister for public health and primary care, demanding that all mothers in England have an assessment of their emotional and mental health carried out by a GP, practice nurse or health visitor.

They say that making such checkups mandatory would reduce the damage experienced by women, children and families caused by mothers suffering psychological problems associated with pregnancy and birth, which often go undetected.

About half of mothers in the UK develop a mental health problem of some sort during that time, such as postnatal depression, anxiety, post-traumatic stress disorder and postpartum psychosis, according to the parenting charity NCT.

The MPs and peers are lobbying for checks to become automatic as members of the all-party parliamentary group for prevention of adverse childhood experiences. It is jointly chaired by the Labour MP Dr Paul Williams, who is a GP, and Dr Alex Burghart, a Conservative MP who is a former teacher and former adviser to Theresa May in Downing Street.

In their letter they tell Brine that there is “significant harm caused to mothers and children by low rates of diagnosis of maternal mental health problems. These unseen and untreated mental health conditions create great suffering for mothers. But, crucially, they also erode parents’ ability to create healthy bonding with and support for their children.”

Babies and mothers are both meant to have their health assessed by a GP at the six-week postnatal check. The National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (Nice) recommends that both should happen. However, research last year by NCT found 42% of mothers said that their perinatal mental health problems were not picked up at those appointments.

Many mothers miss out because while checking the baby’s health is a stipulation under the GP contract, doing the same for the woman is not, according to the MPs and peers.

“As a result, mothers report that while baby checks are routinely carried out, the maternal check, including a discussion about the mother’s emotional and mental wellbeing, is often either not done at all or is done in a hurry at the end of the baby-check appointment,” the letter says.

They are urging Brine to ensure that all mothers start to receive a checkup of their own health, at a separate appointment to their baby’s, also six weeks after the birth. Such checkups should include “open questioning about her mental health”. The scheme would cost about £20m a year to operate but would more than pay for itself because perinatal mental health problems cost an estimated £8bn, they say.

“It’s profoundly unfair that some women get excellent care while others aren’t even asked about how they are feeling by health workers. I hope to persuade the government to commit to come fully around to our view that a universal six-week perinatal mental health check for all women needs to be written into all GPs’ contracts,” said Williams.

The NCT backed the move. “It’s crucial that new mums’ mental health problems are picked up early and the six-week postnatal checkup is the ideal opportunity to do so. At the moment many mothers are suffering in silence and this can have a huge emotional impact on women, as well as devastating consequences for families,” said Abi Wood, the charity’s head of campaigns.

Jackie Doyle-Price, the mental health minister, last week hinted in parliament that ministers were considering obliging GPs to conducts six-week checks on mothers’ mental health.

Replying to a question by the Labour MP Jenny Chapman, she said: “Nice recommends postnatal checks for mothers and NHS England expects commissioners to undertake that those guidelines are being met. As for any further support by GPs, she will be aware that there is a renegotiation of the GP contract [starting in July] and it will be covered there.”

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